The Heritage of Words 2078 Exam | Compulsory English Class 12 | Important Questions and Answers by Suraj Bhatt

The Heritage of Words 2078 Exam | Compulsory English Class 12 | Important Questions and Answers by Suraj Bhatt
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The Heritage of Words 2078 Exam | Compulsory English Class 12 | Important Questions and Answers by Suraj Bhatt 


1. How is death perceived in the poem Full Fathom Five Thy Father Lies? Explain.


Death is meaningfully perceived here in this poem. This poem has presented the meaning of the death of Ferdinand's father, Alonso.

His father's dead body is lying 30 feet below, somewhere in the sea. The dead body hasn't decayed and disappeared. It has been transformed into something strange and valuable. His dead body's bones and eyes have been changed into corals and pearls. His father's dead body has brought happiness to all the sea creatures. The presence of a dead body has changed the environment of the sea. Sea nymphs also seem so happy to welcome his body as a part of the sea. Every hour, they play his funeral bell in ding dong sound in his honour to inform him about his death. This poem suggests to us that after death, our bodies get changed into different forms and keep on serving this beautiful planet. The process of serving is not ultimate.

2. How does Martin Luther King portray the appalling condition of Negro community? (I have a Dream)


Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. portrays the appalling (or horrifying) condition of the Negro community through his own experience. During that time, the condition of Negros in America was so bad. The Constitution of America promised various things for the welfare of all the negro communities, but those promises weren't fulfilled. Negros were exploited and dominated in every sector in the name of apartheid (skin colour discrimination). They were deprived of freedom, justice, and happiness. They were treated just as slaves as before. They didn't get the same opportunities for education, earning money, enjoying themselves, etc. as the whites. Black children were not allowed to read in the school where white children used to read. They were neglected by the whites. Being citizens of America, their fate remained under a dark cloud. They had to live a miserable life.

3. According to Nissani, what can be some possible ways to save the forests of Third World countries? (Two Long term Problems: Too Many People Too Few Trees)


The possible ways to save the forests of Third World countries are as follows:

1. Different awareness activities should be

regulated to save forests.

2. Controlling population growth.

3. Providing financial support to preserve the forests.

4. The necessity of planting trees in deforested areas.

5. Wood products should not be used for cooking; instead, fuel should be used.

6. Use of smokeless stoves in every house.

4. Why does Gretel dislike her father, brother and lawyer? (Gretel)


Gretel seems radically feminist here in this text. She dislikes her father, brother, and lawyer for deceiving her. According to Gretel, there was an understanding between them to sell their story to the Grimm brothers. They had signed a contract with an agreement to share fifty-fifty percent of the profit. But unexpectedly, her brother and father deceptively obtained her signature on a new contract with the help of their lawyer. Due to the deceptive acts of all these three people, Gretel got very little. With the help of their lawyer, Hansel changed everything about the story. Gretel found the story published the other day totally in a different order.

Thus, Gretel blames and dislikes all these male characters.

5. What is the main idea of the poem 'Grandmother by Ray Young Bear? (Grandmother)


This poem was composed by an American-Indian poet, Ray Young Bear. The poet is a member of the Mesquaki tribe. In this poem, the poet has presented a picture of his all-loving and all-inspiring grandmother. He has presented the rustic lifestyle as well as the culture of his tribe with the help of his grandmother's portrait. By remembering his grandmother, he has tried his best to disclose the real existence of the Mesquaki tribe and its people. By presenting all these facts, he wants to show the principle theme of American-Indians searching for their own identity. The poet has tried to disclose the lost lifestyle and culture of the Mesquaki tribe.


6. How does Alyohin define love?


Alyohin defines love through his own experiences with different love affairs. He thinks that when people are in love, they think about whether it is honourable or dishonourable, sensible or stupid, and what their love will lead to. For him, this reasoning is the main source of dissatisfaction and irritation. He thinks that love is a great mystery. It cannot be bound by marital status. The explanation of one's love cannot be applicable to another's love case. Whatever has been stated or written about love up until now isn't the real solution but only a statement of the question that is always unanswered. There is no universal definition of love. Love differs from situation to situation. Love should not be generalised but individualized. According to him, to what extent personal happiness counts in love is uncertain; it differs from person to person. Love can be done by heart, not by mind.

7. Sketch the character of Luganovich briefly. (About Love)


Dmitry Luganovich is an assistant president of the Circuit Court. His age is over forty. He has two children and a beautiful wife. He is living happily in his family with his wife, mother-in-law, and two children. He has a good relationship with Alyohin. He has invited Alyohin to his house for dinner. He is a very helpful person who is quite friendly with others. He is a very kind-hearted person. He doesn't have any doubts about Alyohin's and Anna's affair.

8. Mention the three things that the old man laments about. Why is he sad about them? 


The three things that the old man laments about are as follows:

His old age: Here, at this age, he suffers a lot. His physical condition doesn't favour him. He is so upset at this age. Because of his old age and appearance, nobody wants to talk to him, and no one takes care of him.

His youth: He feels sorry about its loss. He does not only lose his power but also his friends, love, and fine talk of love and politics in front of the fire.

Time: He curses time, which brings pain into his life. This time, it transfigures him into an old man. He becomes very upset to see this old life and wants to spit into the face of time.

He is sad because all these things only bring unpleasant feelings into his life. His old age brings pain, his youth brings a sense of loss in the present, and time brings all critical situations for him.

9. What are the two long term problems as stated in the essay? How these problems are connected? (Two Long Term Problem)


This essay is about ecology and change. The writer of this essay has presented the factual statistics of ecological change. The writer of this essay seems too worried about the future of the world. He has even presented the present ecological state of Nepal. In this essay, he has very beautifully related two long-term problems.

According to him, the two long-term problems are that there are too many people in the world and too few trees. This problem has created a lot of problems in the ecological system. He has presented the connection between these two problems, saying that when the population of the world increases, the needs of people also increase.

In such cases, people need more for their shelters as well as foodstuffs. When they get nothing to fulfil their needs, they target the forests for their livelihood.

10. Describe the lifestyle of Karnali people. (Hurried Trip to Avoid a Bad Star)


The writers have learned various things about the Karnali region and its people. They have a chance to learn about the lifestyle and culture of the Karnali people. According to them, the people of Karnali are innocent, laborious, and uneducated. They know very little about the outside world. They live in a geographically very difficult area, completely depending on their own or the animals' strength. They are ignorant about soil erosion and deforestation. They are very superstitious, too.

They make a very difficult journey to Nepalgunj to avoid their bad luck. They live in harmony with nature. Their lands don't produce sufficient food items to support them. Many people trade for their living. They go to Nepalgunj carrying medicinal herbs, hashish, hand-knitted sweaters, shilajit, and blankets. They sell these items in Nepalgunj and earn money for their livelihood.

They are not economically rich. Most people go to Nepalgunj for jobs. They do their best to avoid their bad star. They are satisfied with their lives.

11. Do you agree with what the narrator did? Why? (Travelling Through the Dark)


Yes, I agree with what the narrator did because his emotional feelings for the fawn were right, but when he realised that he couldn't do anything for the little fawn, he pushed the doe into the river. He realised the power of nature and also the inability of humans against nature. He didn't want to go against nature's power. He realised that man cannot do anything against nature's will.

12. What is the central idea of the poem "Travelling Through the Dark?"


The central idea of this poem is that we must be rational. We must do what is important. We should not violate natural rules and laws for our own sake. Man cannot do anything against nature. Nature is so powerful. Life and death are two real aspects that are also related to nature. We must accept reality.

13. How does the boy describe his uncle and aunt? (A Story)


According to the boy, his uncle is a big, fat, and noisy person. He is so sociable and likes to go on outings. He likes drinking with his friends. He has red hair. He mainly wears a huge waistcoat, which looks so dirty. He eats a lot and drops food particles on his waistcoat. His waistcoat stinks a lot. He has a small shop and a small wife. He only thinks about his pleasures. He mostly refuses his wife's commands. He doesn't take his responsibilities seriously. He likes to spend time with his friends.

The boy's aunt is small, like a mouse, and quiet, like a cat. She is a good housewife. She mostly spends her time cleaning her small house. She does not like her husband's habit of going on an outing and drinking with his friends. She wants love from her husband rather than going outside. Whenever Thomas lifts her on the chair, she hits his head with a china dog. She often goes to her mother's house after discussing it with her husband.

14. What does the refrain of the boy "Now they are going to see who I'm" mean? ( The Last Voyage of the Ghost Ship)


The refrain of the boy, "Now they are going to see who I'm," means a resolution to show all the villagers about the real existence of the ghost ship. The boy was disbelieved and criticized by the villagers. He saw an uncontrolled, large ship without light or sound. The ship collided with the rock and sank into the sea. The next day, he went to the sea but could not find any sign of the ship. Again, after a year, he saw the same ship. He told his mother about it, but she thought he was crazy. She died before her son could prove anything about the ship. Similarly, he saw the same ship the third time and called the villagers to watch it. The villagers beat him because they didn't see the ship. The boy promised to prove his manhood and complete his goal. He saw the same uncontrolled ship on March night. He guided the ship with his lantern to the village and showed it to the villagers. The vision of the ship was only his illusion of imagination, but later on, he made it true through his adult passion.

15. What is the main theme of the poem "God's Grandeur?"


The main theme of this poem is to make all people aware of the divinity of God. People in the present world are money-minded and selfish. They forget about God's greatness and even about God's creation (nature). They go on destroying beautiful nature for their own benefit without caring about God's punishment. God is everywhere and in everything, so we must realise God's strength and never try to violate the rules and laws of God's creation.

16. What was the real dream of Martin Luther King about the future of America? (I have a Dream)


The real dream of Martin Luther King was about the bright future of America. He wanted to end the concept of apartheid. In many states of America, many black children were treated according to their skin colour. They were not allowed to study in schools where white children used to study. Black people were not allowed into buses, hotels, restaurants, etc., which were used by white people. So Martin Luther wanted freedom for all black people from the segregation concept. His dream was an equal opportunity for all black people as whites. Even after the end of the slavery system, black people were treated as slaves. So he wanted freedom from slavery. His dream was a chair of brotherhood between black and white people. His dream was a day of equal opportunity for all blacks in America. Every black person would get a chance to enjoy the rights given by the Constitution. They would get a good education, good jobs, and make money as whites.

17. How did Pinkham act as a saviour of her sex? Explain. (Women's Business)


Her sex is related to all of the women in America. Lydia Pinkham had done a lot of work for the welfare of women in America. She was regarded as the saviour of sex. Her homemade product had benefited most of the women in America. She made her own vegetable compound for the women's disease. As a social reformist, she also advised most of the women about their rights and health problems. She even gave more priority to women's business and helped women by encouraging them. She paved the way for all American women, especially in the matter of curing various diseases as well as solving their problems.

18. How were the handicapped, black and weak children viewed in the past? (Children Who Waits)


The handicapped, black, and weak children were viewed in a biassed manner in the chool. They were really in very bad condition in the orphanages. People didn't have any liking for such children. They didn't want to adopt such children who were physically unfit, weak, or black. Such children were supposed to be damaged goods. The people who wanted to adopt the kids from orphanages only took an interest in healthy white kids.

The handicapped, black, and weak children were not even looked at once by the people. So the condition of such children was so miserable in the past.

19. What kind of treatment does a woman in Bangladesh receive during her pregnancy and after childhood? (A Child is Born)


In the case of a Bangladeshi woman, during her pregnancy period, she goes to her parents' house for the last few months to deliver the baby and for the first three months of the baby's life. She gets love and care from her parents and relatives.

She is looked after by her parents all the time. The whole matter of pregnancy is a kind of celebration. The birth of a child is an occasion of joy for the whole family. The naming ceremony is so well celebrated. Mother and infant get new dresses. There is feasting and singing until late at night. Everyone sings and dances. The mother and child get blessings from the senior family members. The woman is warmly respected after having a child.

20. What made the narrator confess his crime? (The Tell-Tale Heart)


The narrator of the story was a patient with a nervous disease. He chopped the innocent old man for a minor reason. He wanted to hide his crime. He hid all the pieces of the old man's body under the wooden floor. The policemen came there to inquire. The narrator took them to the spot where he had hidden the old man's body. While talking with policemen, the narrator heard the sound of a watch coming from beneath. He thought of it as the heartbeat of the old man. The sound grew louder each time. He tried his best to reduce the loudness of the sound. He spoke loudly with the policemen, but the policemen smiled all the time during their talk. The narrator thought of it as mockery as well as an insult. That particular smile of the policemen and the sound of the watch made the narrator confess his crime. Finally, he confessed his crime.

21. Why did the old man punish the boy? (Purgatory)


Here in this play, we find criminal acts done by the old man. The old man seems so brutal. He killed his father at the age of sixteen. After that crime, he became a peddler. As many years passed, he happened to reach the same place where he had committed the murderous act. He related the story about his past to his son, just in front of his burned house. After that, they got involved in the fight. The old man punished the boy because he found some hints of revolt within him. He thought about his revolt against his father and became so fearful about the chain of violence that would be repeated by his son too. This very concept made him feel fearful, and he punished the boy.

22. Why do the parents in Hansel and Gretel decide to leave the children in the forest? (Hansel and Gretel)


The stepmother of Hansel and Gretel was such a cruel and unkind woman. She didn't love them and wanted to get rid of them. She felt them as a burden. Once, there was a famine in the region, so their father was unable to provide food for them. In that difficult situation, the stepmother made a plan to leave the kids in the dense forest so that she could live easily along with her husband.

23. Describe the Gingerbread House. (The Gingerbread House)


The Gingerbread House is a house of dreams. The house can be reached by walking on the biscuits through the garden of sugared fruits. The house is made of sweets. The door of the house is heart-shaped and red. It is shining like a ruby. The door is half-opened. The garden is so sticky. The roof of the gingerbread house is made up of chocolate. The place is sunny and beautiful. The air is fresh. There is a river of honey, and lollipops grow like daisies.

24. What was the major problem in the relationship between Doran and Polly? (The Boarding House)


Both Doran and Polly liked each other very much. They even had a special relationship. There was a rumour about their relationship in the boarding house. The major problem in their relationship was Polly's family status. According to Doran, Polly's family status wasn't so good. Polly was an uneducated drunkard's daughter. As a result, Mr. Doran declined her marriage proposal. He did not want to face social criticism. He wanted to ignore Polly for his social status.


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