Unit 1 Class 11 English | Language Development | Unit 1 Education First | Malala Yousafza



Unit 1 Class 11 English | Language Development | Unit 1 Education First | Malala Yousafza
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Unit 1 Class 11 English | Language Development | Unit 1 Education First | Malala Yousafza

Unit 1 Class 11 English: Education First: Malala Yousafzai

Table of Contents


a. Who are these people?


These people are:

1. Daya Bir Singh Kanskar

2. Stephen William Hawking

3. Malala Yousafzai

b. What are they known for? How did education contribute to their success in life? Discuss with a partner.


They are known for their welfare tasks in the social sector. Education contributed a lot to their lives. Due to their education, they became recognised around the world. All of them gained remarkable honour and fame in their lives. Daya Bir Singh Kansaker was known as the first blood donor in Nepal. He was the chief as well as the founder of the Paropakar Organisation.

Stephen William Hawking was a famous American scientist who was known for his studies related to black holes. He was also known for his best-selling book, “A Brief History of Time."

Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani girl who is known as the youngest person to win the world-famous Nobel Peace Prize.

3. What do you think the text is about?


The text is about the education-related speech delivered by Malala Yousafzai at the United Nations Youth Assembly on July 12, 2013.


A. Find the words from the text which mean the following:

a. a messenger or representative, especially one on a diplomatic mission: envoy 

b. the state or quality of being worthy of honor or respect: dignity

c. harm done to someone in response to harm: revenge

d. a person who holds extreme views in political or religious matters: extremist

e. sympathetic pity and concern for the sufferings or misfortunes of others: compassion

f. a person who is believed to speak for God: prophet 

g. the study of the nature of knowledge, reality and existence: philosophy 

h. the use of physical force so as to injure, abuse, damage or destroy: violence 

i. an unreasonable dislike of a particular group of people or things: prejudice 

B. Match the words on the left with their opposite meanings on the right:


a. honour              iv. disgrace 

b. innocent          iii. guilty

c. brutality          i. kindness

d. forgiveness     v. punishment

e. illiteracy           ii. literacy

C. Using dictionary:

Dictionary contains at least three forms of information about a word: pronunciation, word class and meaning. 

Look at the following dictionary entry of the words ‘humanity’ and ‘humanize’ (Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary 9th edition): 

humanity/hjuːˈmænəti/ noun1 [U] people in general: He was found guilty of crimes against humanity. 2 [U] the state of being a person rather than a god, an animal or a machine: The story was used to emphasize the humanity of Jesus. united by a sense of common humanity 3 [U] the quality of being kind to people and animals by making sure that they do not suffer more than is necessary; the quality of being humane: The judge was praised for his courage and humanity. OPP inhumanity 4(the) humanities [pl.] the subjects of study that are about the way people think and behave, for example literature, language, history and philosophy: The college offers a wide range of courses in the arts and humanities. humanize(BrE also -ise) /ˈhjuːmənaɪz/ verb~sth to make sth more pleasant or suitable for people; to make sth more HUMANE: These measures are intended to humanize the prison system.

Answer the following questions:

i. What is the headword in the first entry?


The headword in the first entry is 'humanity'.

ii. How many meanings of the word ‘humanity’ are given?


The word 'humanity' are given four different meanings.

iii. What do the abbreviations U, OPP, pl, and sth stand for?


The abbreviations U, OPP, pl, and sth stand for uncountable noun, opposite, plural and something.

iv. What is the British English spelling of ‘humanize’?


The  British English spelling of ‘humanize’ is 'humanise'.

v. How is the word ‘humanize’ pronounced?


The word ‘humanize’ is pronounced by ˈhjuː.mə.naɪz'.

vi. If we say Every person should have the sense of humanity, which meaning of ‘humanity’ is applied?


Here, the third meaning of 'humanity' is applied.

b. Arrange the following words in alphabetical order.

i. advance analysis amuse assure allergy attain aid anxiety acute agreement


acute, advance, agreement, aid, allergy, amuse, analysis, anxiety, assure, attain

ii. smoke small smart speaking smelling smoothly smuggler smashed smearing smallpox


small, smallpox, smart, smashed, smearing, smelling, smoke, smoothly, smuggler, speaking

iii. terminal terminate terminology termite terms terrace terrible terribly territory terror


terminal, terminate, terminology, termite, terms, terrace, terrible, terribly, territory, terror.


c. Make a list of five new words from the reading text. Using a dictionary, write their meanings and use the words in sentences of your own. 

1. Innocent: Free from guilt, sin, or immorality.

▪︎  The judge of the court declared him as an innocent person.

2. Peace: A state of tranquillity, quiet, and harmony; absence of violence.

▪︎  Peace can only provide us with the perfect way of living.

3. Leadership: The capacity of someone to lead others.

▪︎  Leadership plays a very vital role in drastic changes.

4. Equality: The equal treatment of people irrespective of social or cultural differences.

▪︎  There should be equality between all the citizens of the nation.

5. Right: That which complies with justice, law or reason.

▪︎  Everyone needs the right to live.



Answer the following questions:

a. Why did the speaker receive thousands of good-wishes cards and gifts from all over the world?


The speaker received thousands of good-wish cards and gifts from all over the world because she was injured by Talib. People around the world wished and prayed for her fast recovery and a new life.

b. According to the speaker, what are hundreds of human rights activists and social workers struggling for?


According to the speaker, hundreds of human rights activists and social workers are struggling to achieve their goals of education, peace, and equality.

c. What has she learnt from Gandhi?


She has learnt the philosophy of non-violence from Gandhi.

d. In what sense is peace necessary for education?


e. According to the speaker, what are the main problems faced by both men and women?


According to the speaker, poverty, injustice, racism, and the deprivation of basic rights are the main problems faced by both men and women.

f. What is Malala calling upon all governments?


Malala is calling upon all governments to ensure free compulsory education for every child all over the world, to fight against terrorism and violence, and to protect children from brutality and harm.

g. What is the main message of this speech?


The main message of this speech is in favour of education for all and against illiteracy, poverty, and terrorism.


a. All children have the right to quality education. How can we ensure this right to every child? Discuss the role of the government and the parents to make sure that every child can attend school. 


Children are the future of the nation. For the development of the nation, it is very essential for everyone to think about the rights regarding education for every single child. All children should have the right to a quality education. The right to education for children is also mentioned in the constitutions of most countries. The development of any nation depends on the literate. Thus, children's education can be taken as the beginning of this development.

In the context of our country, children's education has been given preference by our government. The importance of children's education has also been mentioned in our constitution. A huge budget has been sanctioned, especially for children's education. But there is still a lack of attendance among children in Nepali schools. The main reason behind this is the level of poverty in Nepal as well as the infrastructure of many schools. I think that it is very important for the government to check all these essential things to uplift the condition of education. Education must be developed in such a way that children realise their right to a quality education. The government should be active in the matter of children's education. It must move ahead with a variety of schemes, especially for children in the school. It should provide attractive classrooms and textbooks, caring and talented teachers, scholarships, fine breakfasts, etc. It should create a fine environment to make all children come to school more regularly. Apart from this, the parents at home must be attentive to their children's education. They should play their vital roles to encourage their children to send them to their schools. If the government and the parents keep their attention on the above-mentioned things, every single child can attend school.

b. Do you think that there is still discrimination between sons and daughters in terms of providing education in our country? What strategies do you suggest to overcome such discrimination against girls? 


Yes, I think that there is still discrimination between sons and daughters in terms of providing education in our country. Our country, Nepal, is a patriarchal country where we find males' superiority in most societies. In our societies, males are still considered the heads of families. Females aren't provided with many priorities. The concept of sex subjection is still prevalent everywhere. The girls' education in our societies depends on the patriarch's decision. In comparison to boys, girls have less chance of achieving an education. In rural societies, girls are forced to marry at a young age. This is one of the biggest discriminations seen in societies for ages. I suggest the following strategies to overcome such discrimination against girls:

1. The government should launch strict rules against the early marriage of girls.

2. It should provide preferences for girls' education.

3. Girls should be encouraged to achieve the same education as boys.

4. Parents shouldn't bias girls in the matter of education.

5. The government should provide financial support to attract girls to education.

6. Girls shouldn't be forced into household tasks.

7. They should be provided with the right to quality education.



a. Recall your school days. Write in three paragraphs of an event that you always remember.


School days are precious days in the life of every individual. No one can forget their school days. On school days, we experience various things and events. In my case, there are a lot of events that I still remember. But, among all those events, I always remember a special event, which I'm going to share with you.

The most interesting event of my school life was the day when I proposed to a girl named Gita in my class while I was in the eighth grade. I proposed to her through a love letter. I took the help of one of my poetic classmates, Harish. I was so scared at the beginning, thinking a lot about possible ways to handle my letter.

When the second period's bell rang, I gave my letter to her just in front of the class's door without saying a word. I was so worried as well as excited about the response to that letter. At the end of school, she came to me with another letter. She handed me a letter and said,I love you, in a smiling manner. I was so excited after hearing such lovable words from her mouth. That day was the beginning of my love. I will never forget that valuable moment that once happened to me at my school.

b. "Education empowers a person". Elaborate this statement giving examples of your personal experience. 


           Education Empowers a Person

Education is the most important aspect of a human being's life. It is a continuous and lifelong process. It brings great changes to our lives. Education is the foundation of human development. It is said that education is the third eye of human beings. Education builds up manpower like doctors, engineers, pilots, teachers, etc. They can play an important role in the development of the country.

Education empowers a person and makes him or her great. An educated person can lead anyone towards perfection. He or she can bring unprecedented changes to others' lives too. educated, obeyed, and heard most of the time. He/she isn't only respected during his/her life but also after death. An educated person can change society. He or she is always quite ahead in different kinds of creative work. We can find various differences among literate and illiterate people. A literate person keeps patience all the time in the matter of decisions' making. He or she can find solutions to various problems in life. We find a lack of these aspects in illiterate people. Education brings happiness, peace, and joy to life.


Grammar Word Classes Unit 1




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