Unit 19 Travel and Tourism | Discovering West Nepal - The Wild Frontier | Language Development Class 11| Compulsory English by Suraj Bhatt



Unit 19 Travel and Tourism | Discovering West Nepal - The Wild Frontier | Language Development Class 11| Compulsory English by Suraj Bhatt
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Unit 19 Travel and Tourism | Discovering West Nepal - The Wild Frontier | Language Development Class 11| Compulsory English by Suraj Bhatt

Travel and Tourism: Discovering West Nepal-The Wild Frontier


a. Have you ever visited western Nepal? Describe your experience.


Yes, I have visited western Nepal. It was quite a good experience for me. I felt so amused to see the beautiful places over there. I'm still planning to visit western Nepal once again.

b. Do you like travelling? Why do people travel?


Yes, I like travelling a lot. People travel for their entertainment as well as their knowledge.


Answer these questions:

a. How did the author feel when she saw a colourful rooster in the western Himalayas?


The author felt amused when she saw a colourful rooster in the western Himalayas.

b. How does she describe the houses on the trails of western Nepal?


On the trails of western Nepal, she describes the houses as stone houses under a rock, above a river. These houses look too crumbly to live in.

c. What does she mean when she says "I walked towards a village 15 kilometres further as the crow flies?"


When she says, "I walked towards a village 15 kilometres further as the crow flies, she means the distance she had to cover was measured between two places.

d. Describe the village Thankur in brief.


The village of Thankur had only two houses. The region was arid, with not much life visible in the periphery. The author saw three large, shiny, and rainbow-coloured morals, the national birds of Nepal. She was surprised to see the twinkling stars in Thankur that evening. 

e. What happened when she reached Jumla and how was she relieved?


When she reached Jumla, she became ill with an unknown virus and a bad tummy. She was relieved with the help of medicine, which she got from an American at a hotel, and also pani puri, which she ate at a local eatery.

f. How does the author describe the bucket water in Khali Lagna?


The author describes the bucket water in Khali Lagna, saying that the surface water of the bucket was frozen. When she cracked it, she felt satisfied, as the water underneath was surprisingly lukewarm.

g. How was Rara Lake on the day she reached there?


The Rara Lake on that day was glistening in its dark blue glory when she reached there.


a. It is said that travelling a place equals to reading three books. Do you agree? Why?


Yes, I completely agree with this particular statement, which says that travelling to a place equals reading three books. In my opinion, the world itself is a great book where immense knowledge is packed for all to achieve. The bookish people never experience the real worldly facts as well as various knowledge through reading the pages of their books.

Travelling provides us with a chance to learn a variety of things, which broadens our minds. Away from the books, travelling makes us realise the authenticity of knowledge and entertainment. Books limit the reader to their particular contents without any real visual experience. But travelling always provides first-hand knowledge and experience of the particular place, where there is immense joy along with interest in achieving real facts through observation. Readers of the books may forget the contents of the books, but travellers always have an impression of the place they visit. Travelling allows travellers to observe a place with their eyes, and the impression of travelling to a place remains in travellers' minds throughout their lives. Reading also provides us with a variety of information regarding places, but visiting and exploring the places may be much more entertaining and appealing.

Travelling itself means knowing things. One who travels to different places knows about a variety of things in his or her life. He or she knows about different places and people. He or she gets a chance to learn about people's cultures, languages, and lifestyles. The traveller always gets a chance to learn something new in his or her life. He or she finds newness within himself or herself. His or her perception gets changed as he or she gets acquainted with newness during his or her travels. Travelling gives a sense of being united globally. A traveller always finds his or her connection with others. Thus, travelling is quite a wonderful experience for knowing and achieving knowledge regarding the facts. It is far beyond reading books.

b. The author spent five-week long walk along the western Himalayas. Do you think it was adventurous? Why?


In this travelogue, the writer has described her five-week adventurous experience visiting western Nepal. Yes, I think it was adventurous because, during her journey, she covered 25% of the regions of the Himalayan area of Nepal via the lower Great Himalayan route, along with some awesome diversions. She experienced and visited those rare places in the Himalayan regions that very few tourists have visited.

Her journey was quite adventurous because she experienced quite new, unusual, and exciting places over there. During her journey, she explored various hidden, strange, and marvellous natural beauties that flourished in West Nepal. She met different people and reached such strange places that they amused her greatly. She decided to walk through the Dhaulagiri Circuit, which is geographically quite difficult. She experienced the difficult, steep, and sloppy way most of the time with snow-capped Himalayan peaks, including Mt. Dhaulagiri. During her journey, she had to walk up and down, moving from one lush green hill to another, through warm temperate forests, and under giant spider webs, to explore natural beauties and Nepalese culture and lifestyles. Trekking through different difficult tracks, such as moving glaciers, crossing rivers, walking through arid regions, spending cold nights at high altitudes, and walking in the snow that is frozen, is such a challenging task for her. Thus, this journey that she made was really very adventurous.


A. Write a travelogue of your recent visit to a natural/religious place in about 300 words. Use the following clues.

Local costumes and traditions ........ Cuisine ..…Depiction of places of interest, local history and culture ....... Your adventures ......... Prices and transportation …..... Entertainment

A Memorable Journey of TauthalI in Sindhupalchok 

Tauthali is one of the most beautiful places in the Sindhupalchok district. It lies on the eastern side of the Kathmandu valley. This place is also regarded as the religious place of this district. Most people visit this particular place to enjoy the beautiful scenery and do religious tasks. This place is really nice for those visitors who prefer to enjoy hilly surroundings.

As in our case, we spent our two important days enjoying and roaming different beautiful places in Tauthali. We were four people in our group during that journey. From Kathmandu, it takes 4 to 5 hours to ride on a bus or taxi to reach this place. We can directly take a bus from Arniko Transportation from the bus station. It takes only a 300-rupee ticket from Kathmandu to reach there. People mostly visit this place on bikes. Travelling on a bus just beside the Sunkoshi River is quite appealing and entertaining. Our group easily got there by taking a bus at 11:40 a.m. We got there at 4:45 p.m.

At a point between Lamosanghu and Damside, there is a new pool. From that point, we have to leave Arniko Highway and move through the gravel road uphill. On the village's road, a beautiful small village named Tekanpur lies there. We were extremely happy to see Tauthali Bazar. The market in Tauthali is so fascinating. Most people living there are Newars, and they speak their Newari language the most. We found the people of Tauthali quite simple in their lifestyles. They have deep faith in their religion. Tauthali is a place of cultural and historical significance. We visited the religious Tauthali temple the next day. We found ancient artistic creations in most places in Tauthali. The open green field and woods in the sloppy area are attractive to see. In the matter of facilities, we got fine rooms to stay in for two days at a cheap price. The foodstuffs that we got in Tauthali were quite delicious. We really enjoyed our two-day journey in Sindhupalchok.

B. Write an essay in about 500 words on 'Importance of Tourism in Nepal'. (Important)


          Importance of Tourism in Nepal

Nepal is a small and quite beautiful country. This country is known all over the world as the land of Lord Gautam Buddha and the highest peak in the world, Mount Everest. It is a small country but quite rich in its natural beauty, like lush green forests, snow-capped mountains, wild animals, roaring fountains, peaceful lakes, etc. It is also rich in culture and customs. In Nepal, there are many places of cultural and historical importance. Due to its beautiful geographical location and ancient architecture, most people around the world are attracted to this beautiful country. The beautiful places here in this country attract many tourists from around the world. Many people across the country or the world like to visit and travel in this country. Therefore, many tourists from foreign lands visit Nepal every year.

Tourism is a field that deals with travelling to new places for different purposes. People who travel to new places are recognised as tourists. They go to new places to see different things, do business, meet someone, get an education, etc. Tourism in Nepal is of great importance for national development.

Tourism is an industry that is the main source of foreign exchange. Tourism is the act of travelling or sightseeing, particularly away from one's home. Tourism in Nepal invites various tourists from different countries every year. Our country celebrates "Tourism Year" during a certain period. Tourists who visit our country are our paying guests. Tourists mostly prefer to enjoy different places of scenic beauty and mental relaxation. In Nepal, there are many fine facilities, such as hotels, trekking offices, travel agencies, etc. Tourists feel blessed to be here in this beautiful country.

Following are the benefits of tourism in Nepal:

Due to tourism, many Nepali people get jobs in this field. They can improve their lives as well as their businesses. Tourists from all over the world visit Nepal and spend money on various items such as food, dresses, hotels, and other things.

Tourism in Nepal helps reduce the number of unemployed people.

Tourism is the main factor in the development of the country. Tourism increases the importance of Nepalese products in international markets as tourists buy things and take them to their countries.

Due to tourism, Nepali people get a chance to learn various things from tourists, such as their countries, languages, cultures, and traditions.

Tourism helps this country in terms of earning name and fame, the country's identity, international understanding, mutual trade, etc.

Tourism helps our country improve its national economy and relationships with other countries.



A. Study the following examples.

Active sentences    &      Passive sentences

Active: They destroyed the building.

Passive: The building was destroyed.

Active: Are they meeting him at the station?

Passive: Is he being met at the station?

Active: She handed me the plate.

Passive: I was handed the plate.

Or, The plate was handed to me.

Active: I enjoyed taking the children to the park.

Passive: The children enjoyed being taken to the park.

Active: They agreed to postpone the meeting.

Passive: It was agreed to postpone the meeting.

Active: I don't like people laughing at me.

Passive: I don't like being laughed at.

Active: She likes people taking her photograph.

Passive: She likes having her photograph taken.

Active: Who built the Taj Mahal? 

Passive: Who was the Taj Mahal built by?

We use the passive voice to change the focus of the sentence.

My bike was stolen. (passive – focus on my bike)

Someone stole my bike. (active – focus on someone)

B. Complete these sentences using the verbs given in the brackets.

a. Letters ….......… by the postman every day. (deliver)

: are delivered

b. This bag ….....… in the bus yesterday. (find)

: was found

c. The gate …… at 7:00 pm every evening. (lock)

: is locked

d. I …… to the party last week. (invite)

: was invited

e. The telephone …… by Graham Bell. (invent)

: was invented 

f. Muna Madan …… by Devkota. (write)

: was written

g. How much money …… in the robbery? (steal)

: was stolen

h. Do you know cheese …… from milk? (make)

: is made

i. I was born in Kathmandu, but …… in Dhangadhi. (grow)

: was grown

C. Change the following sentences into passive.

a. I didn’t fix the problem.


Passive: The problem wasn't fixed by me.

b. Police protect the town.


Passive: The town was protected by police.

c. John’s mother raised him in a small town.


Passive: He was raised in a small town by John's mother. 

d. Someone painted the building last year.


Passive: The building was painted last year.

e. Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928.


Passive: Penicillin was discovered in 1928 by Alexander Fleming.

f. Some students study grammar on the Internet.


Passive: Grammar was studied on the Internet by some students. 

g. Someone had broken the window by 3:00 p.m.


Passive: The window had been broken by 3: 00 p.m.

h. A strange man was watching us.


Passive: We are being watched by a strange man.

i. Tokyo will hold the Olympics in 2020.


Passive: The Olympics will be held in 2020 by Tokyo. 

j. We are working on the report right now.


Passive: The report is being worked on right now by us.

k. My manager has told him to arrive earlier.


Passive: He has been told to arrive earlier by my manager. 

l. They could not have made the mistake.


Passive: The mistake could not have been made by them.

m. I hope they are going to hire me soon.


Passive: I hope I'm going to be hired soon by them.

n. I don't like people staring at me.


Passive: I don't like being stared at.

o. She likes people waving at her.


Passive: She likes being waved at her.

p. Who told you the story?


Passive: By whom you were told the story?

q. Is he repairing the bicycle?


Passive: Is the bicycle being repaired by him?


Read 👉 Detailed Grammar: Active & Passive Voice ( The Easiest Way to Learn)



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